Murder has always been a significant influence on almost every thriller movie we watch. We can easily guess what this happens! Throughout the last decade, the number of crimes has been on the rise. Murders have been rated the hideous criminal acts all over the world.
Canada is not very far, and the country has experienced people being murdered for money, power, and other unnecessary reasons. Mostly the rate of second-degree murder has increased, which is a very alarming situation for Canada.
Therefore, it is essential to look into the topic more deeply now. Here we focus on understanding different types of murders in Canada and how 2nd-degree murders are unique to others.
Classification of Murder in Canada
Murders across the planet have been a vital issue in keeping world peace. Many organizations have been working to reduce the rate. In Canada, we can see numerous types of murder scenarios. However, there are 02 significant types of murder in Canada.
Simply put, first-degree murder is when someone kills another person deliberately or intentionally. The intention is a crucial factor or word here. The murderer usually has a motive to kill the person. It is either by the contract of money or any form of harassment.
Moreover, the killing of any peace officer or police officer is always first-degree murder. It does not matter whether there was the intention or not. The same theory applies to hijacking, sexual assault, and kidnapping as well. If a person dies from these criminal acts, the murder will be considered 1st degree regardless of the intent.
Furthermore, any organizational criminal act is also this kind of murders. That involves terrorism activities as well. It does not matter whether the act was deliberate or planned. A person violating the parliamentary rules and getting involved in the terrorist killing is a 1st-degree murderer.
Any other type of murders is considered second-degree murder. One of the critical issues here is intent. If the person committing the crime did never intend to kill the person, it is a 2nd-degree murder.
In a second degree murder, the murderer usually has the motive to hurt the person out of some personal fight or quarrel. As a result, if the person dies, it is entirely accidental. However, proving such is a challenging task.
What Is Second Degree Murder: An Overview of Canada
In Canada, second-degree murders can be intentional. However, the intent is purely to cause bodily harm and not kill the other person. As a result, states that differentiate between the 02 types of murders adjudge second-degree murderer to lower and fewer sentences.
Killing intentionally but with no premeditation
These types of killings do not include any pre-planning whatsoever. However, just when the killer kills the other person, there is the intention to kill and only kill that person.
To exemplify, let us assume that a person casually goes to another person’s house to solve a disagreement. In the heat of the moment, the person grabs a lying gun and pulls the trigger that kills the house owner.
Now, the person did not have any plan to go to the owner’s house and kill the owner. Instead of that person only intended to solve a dispute. However, since the person was utterly aware that the trigger was pulled, attorneys can prove this as second-degree murder.
On the other hand, if the same person has been provoked to kill the owner, it is considered voluntary manslaughter.
The intention was to cause physical harm only
Another scenario that can be ruled as 2nd-degree murder is when the intention was only to cause bodily harm. In the previous example, if the murderer bangs the homeowner’s head with a shovel and kills the owner, which is considered second-degree murder. While the killer never had the intention to kill the other person, he or she was in a complete realization that hitting that hard on the head may end up killing the person.
While some states may consider felony murder as a second degree, many do not fall into this category. For instance, if both the person in the example went to rob a shop and the owner ends up killing the shopkeeper, you may end up being charged for second-degree murder. That is because you were present at the felony (robbing the shop) and the killing.
Penalties for the Second Degree Murder Canada
The punishment for second-degree murder is the sentence of imprisonment. It varies state to state and the extent of the murder.
In almost every case, the judge will decide on a minimum of 10 years of imprisonment. That can go up to 25 years of imprisonment in the Canadian Justice System. However, second-degree murderers are eligible for parole after 10 years. There have been many cases where a killer was out of prison after 10 years of serving and remained on parole for the next few years.
Moreover, if the killer was charged with murder cases previously, jail time may go up to 25 years. In such cases, the killer may not get any parole before 20 years of imprisonment.
Proving Second Degree Murder in the Canadian Court System
The simplest way to prove second-degree murder in court is through the assistance of a lawyer. The lawyer must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the murder was done under the category of 2nd degree.
On the other hand, the district attorney will prove that the killer had a clear intention and previous planning to kill the person.
A lawyer can defend his or her client by proving that the district attorney has mistakenly identified a murderer or the killing was done in self-defense. The attorney can also confirm that the evidence shown by the district attorney is insufficient.
While murder rates may increase, it is essential to fear the law and order of a country. If someone is charged with second-degree murder, they can be sentenced to fewer years of punishment. Nevertheless, the hideous act of killing another human being will always be on the person’s head no matter what happens!