Differences between first and second degree murders will enlighten your knowledge and help you find the right steps to face any lawsuit related to it. We are going to explain the difference between 1st 2nd 3rd degree murders and manslaughter for you. Without spending time here, let’s start our discussion.
One of the heinous actions someone can commit is to take another person’s life. This is a belief that is acknowledged by the law and outside of the law too. However, it is essential to remember not all murder is committed with malicious intent or with intent at all. Thus, it is vital to understand and educate ourselves regarding different types of murder.
Difference Between 1st 2nd 3rd Degree Murders and Manslaughter
As we’ve said in the introduction, we will discuss every kind o-f murder case recognized in Canada. It is difficult for people to understand all those murder differences at once. So, we have broken them down part by part. Additionally, you should read individual definitions of murders carefully.
However, in the end, you will see the ultimate comparison between all of them. So, you can see them at once. And as you will read all the comparisons between murder types individually, you will easily understand them. Let’s start with first degree vs second degree murder.
Difference Between 1st and 2nd Degree Murders
The difference between first and second-degree murders is subtly distinguishable. You will have to observe and notice the slight differences in the cases to understand.
First, murder is considered first-degree when it is premediated, i.e., the murderer planned the crime for a while before committing it. They made the kill with the full intent of killing the victim. Moreover, felony murders are also considered first-degree murders.
Felonies considered first-degree murder are arson, kidnapping, burglary, robbery, and rape.
On the other hand, when an individual murder without the actual planning of killing, then it is said to be second-degree murder. This happens when the murderer intends to injure and harm the victim to extreme severity physically. Later, the injury leads to intentional but unplanned death. Someone being reckless and violent towards another person results in such a death.
The critical difference between first-degree vs. second-degree murders is the intention the murderer or the defendant had towards their victim while taking the action they did.
Difference between 1st and 3rd Degree Murders
As mentioned above, first-degree murders are preplanned murders. They take time and planning, and to some extent, stalking of the victim, to take place. The whole intention of a first-degree murderer is to end another human’s life.
Three types of first-degree murder include:
- Premeditated murder
- Felony murder
- Murder by specified means
However, third-degree murders are the complete opposite of first-degree murders. It is also known as manslaughter. Third-degree murder occurs when the defendant kills the victim unintentionally or accidentally.
In simple words, a third-degree murder is more than often involuntary, i.e., when an impulsive action or plan leads to someone’s death. Other times a third-degree murder could also be considered voluntary when the defendant hurts someone physically mildly. But, it accidentally leads to death.
Furthermore, according to Canadian laws, third-degree murder or manslaughter is divided into two categories.
- Unlawful Act (the Involuntary Act)
- Criminal Negligence (the Voluntary Act)
Difference between 2nd and 3rd Degree Murders
Second-degree murder, as we understand, occurs when the defendant kills the victim without any premeditated plans. It could be called an act of passion. It occurs when someone physically injures another person within an inch of life and ends up killing them. More than often, the murders are said to be intentional and unplanned.
Third-degree murder or manslaughter, however, refers to actually unintentional murders. The defendant here had no intention to murder or even hurt someone to the extent that they would die. The defendant, more than often, is just opting for harmless impulsive actions or perhaps, trying to let some steam off.
It must also be noted- most courts do not use third-degree charges. But, they prefer the charges of manslaughter instead for defendants who are in this ordeal. Third-degree murder is said to fall somewhere between second-degree murder and manslaughter.
While the above-given definition is correct, you must know in cases of third-degree murders. The murder must be unintentional, and the action has a tinge of malice involved in it.
Degrees of Intent between Murder Charges
If a murder case needs to be considered first-degree murder, then the defendant or the murderer must plan the murder.
On the other hand, murder is considered second-degree murder. It is committed due to heat or spur of the moment. In that case, the defendant harms the other person enough to cause death. Below we will discuss the punishment that accused person can get after judgement. If you want to know about charges, click here because we have explained everything.
You can read about the punishment. The defendant must abide by if charged with any of the murders in the list below.
- First-degree Murder
- If a defendant is charged with first-degree murder, then they will get an automatic life imprisonment sentence.
- They will not get parole for 25 years.
- Second-degree Murder
- If a defendant is charged with second-degree murder, they will get ten years in prison with no parole.
- Depending on the severity of the case and the situation around it, the defendant might also be sentenced to life imprisonment with no parole for 25 years.
- Third-degree Murder or Manslaughter
- There is no minimum sentence; in this case, however, there is a fine that the defendant must pay depending upon the severity of the situation.
- But if a firearm is involved, the defendant will be sentenced to a minimum of four years in prison.
Example of the Types of Murders
For a better understanding, below given are some examples of the murders we have discussed above.
If person A wants to harm person B, then A will stalk and learn B’s activities. A will make a plan where and how they can murder B. A might notice that B lives alone. Then A decides to attack and murder B at night when B is getting ready for bed. A will catch B entirely off guard and most probably defenseless. Here, after B is dead, A can be charged with first-degree murder. We have explained it in an individual article here.
Person X is angry with person Y for something Y said about X at a party. X decides to let the steam off and let his temper take control by hitting Y. X hits Y to an inch of his life and still does not stop even if X knows Y might die. Eventually, Y dies, and X is sentenced to second-degree murder. We have explained it in an individual article here.
Person Z is a drug seller, and he knows selling drugs to other people will make them addicts and eventually take their lives. Person T buys drugs from Z and then dies from an overdose of those drugs. In this situation, Z can be charged with third-degree murder. We have explained it in an individual article here.
Person V and Person K are good friends, and they decide to go to a pool party. At the party, they get drunk, and V decides to push K into the pull just for fun. However, K does not know how to swim and drowns. Here, V can be charged with manslaughter.
We have explained it in an individual article here.
Comparison Table: First Degree vs Second Degree vs Third Degree vs Manslaughter
In the table below, the different types of murders are summarized.
|First Degree Murder||Second Degree Murder||Third Degree Murder||Manslaughter|
|Premeditated murder||Unplanned murder||Unplanned murder||Unplanned murder|
|Intentional murder||Intended to cause harm and committed impulsive murder||Unintentional consequences||Unintentional consequences|
No parole for 25 years
|Ten years (with no parole) to life imprisonment||Four years minimum if a firearm is involved||Four years minimum if a firearm is involved|
FAQ: Difference between 1st and 2nd Degree Murders
Below discussed are some of the most frequently asked questions about first-degree vs. second-degree murders.
What is worse, 1st, 2nd, or 3rd-degree felony?
The first-degree felony is the worst.
What are the four types of homicide?
The four types of homicide include Capital Murder, Murder, Manslaughter, and Criminally Negligent Homicide.
What is an example of manslaughter?
If someone is texting and driving and running into someone or crashing their car into another car, killing the other party, it can be considered manslaughter.
How many years do you get in jail for manslaughter?
A maximum sentence is life imprisonment, and if a firearm was involved during the murder, then a minimum of 4 years must be spent in prison.
Why is it called the 3rd degree?
Because it is a crime committed without intentions or plans.
What is the highest felony degree?
Class A and level 1 felonies are of the highest degree.