How to Cite Criminal Code of Canada: The Ultimate Guide

How to Cite Criminal Code of Canada

How to cite criminal code of Canada? Well, we will discuss about citing any Canadian criminal code in this article. When you need to use others’ creations or work, you may need to use citation. And citation is a very important and essential thing while working with any research paper and issues. In some cases, if you do not give credit for one’s original work, then you may violate certain criminal codes.

When you work with another’s creation or work, you may need to make sure a solid acknowledgment of the original author that is being used in your project or concepts. So you need to always remember this point before working on your paper and project.

In this writing, we are going to discuss an ultimate guide on how to cite criminal code of Canada. So keep reading to learn more.

Also Read: How to Become a Criminal Lawyer?

What is Citation of Criminal Code?

When you need to use criminal code for your research paper or project, in that case, you may have to use criminal code citation because your paper needs to back up with proper validation. If you fail to do that, then it will be against the criminal law of your country.

Almost every country has its own rules and regulation. Likewise, Canada also has their own laws regarding citation for different purposes. All the criminal activities are well-mentioned in the criminal law of Canada. There are always two big cities that are always considered a criminal law office. One is Manitoba, and another in Winnipeg.

How to Cite Criminal Code of Canada?

For the beginner or most people find it too confusing when they need to cite the criminal code of Canada because they need to maintain and follow a lot of things in this regard.

In order to make it more accurate, you need to have a clear-cut idea about Canadian criminal code. Below is given a brief description of how to cite the criminal code of Canada.

Legislation Citation

If you want to cite the legislation from the criminal code of Canada. Then you must include certain things in your project or writing. These certain things are in the following:

Also Check: Defence Lawyer vs Prosecutor

  • Details of the legislative act that you want to cite in your writing. It has to be in the italic form
  • References volume or sources, in the short form
  • The specific chapter number
  • Year
  • If there is any revised statute, then you need to mention it
  • Optional or more information in order to be specific

A simple example of this kind of citation and a brief explanation is given in the following for better understanding:

Criminal code citation example: Criminal Code, RSC 1995, c C-46, s 132(1)(b).

In the above example, the criminal code refers to the legislative act. And it has to be in italic form while writing in your paper. And the RS means the Reserve status of the act. If any of the laws or policies get changes, then you may have to use the RS or revised statute. But if the legislation act does not change in a while, then you may cite it as S or statute.

Read Now: Statute of Limitations in Canada for Assault

Then the c refers to the Jurisprudence of your country. When you prefer jurisprudence, it is also very important to mention the volume number and references. Then the c C-46 means the specific chapter number. And the year here refers to the year when it was published. Then, the last portion is optional for you. For further details, you can use it or skip it.

Court Cases Citation

Likewise, in the legislation citation, in the court cases citation, you also have to follow certain things. And it is very important to cite properly in the court case. Because if somehow you fail to do that, then the process can get delayed. Some important part of court cases citation is in the following:

  • Detailed information of your side or party and also has to be in italic form.
  • Relevant information regarding the citation (e.g., Year, a short form of court name, act number)

Court case citation can be slightly different when you use neutral citation. You can also present your citation without the neutral citation. Below is given a simple example for better understanding:

Example: R v John, [1976] 1 SCR 115.

Check Now: Canadian Criminal Justice System

Here R v refers to the name of the criminal case, and John refers to your party name. SCR here means the Supreme court report, which addresses the official reports. 1976 here means the publication years. And finally, the 115 here is the specific page number. This is optional. You can use it or skip it.

How to Cite Criminal Code of Canada

Why Citation of The Criminal Code is Important?

Citation of the criminal code is very important. There are also so many reasons behind it why this is so important. One of the topmost reasons can be when you need to present a court case or for the legislation. You must need to cite from the criminal code of your court.

Also Read: Small Claims Court Fees

So if you fail to cite properly or accurately, then it is also a violation of the rules. In some cases, it is a sort of disrespect toward the original writer or author. That is why it is essential to cite while you are writing from another source or from other references.

How do You Cite The Penal Code in APA?

For most people, citing the penal code in APA style can be difficult. Because citing in this style is not like the other style. you need certain information in order to cite the penal code in APA. So here’s a basic example:

Name of the law, Short form of your state or state code, specific section number, the year (additional)

Child custody act, Chicago 2000, c.1

Criminal justice act, SC, 1990, c. 28

How do You in Text Cite a Supreme Court Case in APA?

Supreme court case citation is also known as a parallel citation. From the other citation, this is slightly different than other citations. Because here you need to mention your country’s report citation if there is any lawyer edition of the report. Then you also have to mention it in your writing—a simple example of supreme court case citation in APA.

Example: Chicago valley v. Hill, 335, U.S. 150, S. ct. 2200 (1990)

How do You Read a Statute Citation?

In order to read a statute citation, you need to understand the form and the abbreviation first. A simple example of statute citation is 50 U.S.C. 1990 (2012). Here 50 is the title of the criminal code. U.S.C is the abbreviation or short form of the criminal code. Then 1990 is the section number of the specific chapter. Then 2012 is the published year number.


By following the above process, you can easily cite the criminal code of Canada. But accuracy plays a very important role here. So when you cite any criminal code, try to be precise and as accurate as you can. Every single part of the citation is equally essential for the writing.

Also, you need always to remember that you should be careful while using punctuation marks in your citation because wrong punctuation can change the whole meaning of your citation.

Hopefully, this writing helped you to understand the basic guide on how to cite the criminal code of Canada.