Drug Trafficking in Canada: Know Everything

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Drug Trafficking in Canada

Drug usage and trafficking have been rated as one of the most destructive non-violent issues all over the world. Canada is currently facing an epidemic of drug trafficking. So, the issue is as serious as it can get.

Drug traffickers bring drugs and the ingredients of making drugs mostly from China. Many other illegal drugs are brought in through Toronto, Vancouver international airport, India, and Mexico.

As you may well know, Canada has a large coastline. Because of this, the country is struggling to tackle the problem. The Canadian drug laws are strict towards people who sell, use, and abuse drugs. Here we will have an in-depth analysis of this issue in Canada.

What Is Drug Trafficking?

You may have watched the act of trafficking drugs in many popular TV shows and movies. Sometimes, there is a common misconception that drug trafficking is only the movement of drugs and other substances from one place to another. In Canadian law, that is not the only definition.

According to section 2(1) of the Canadian drug law, any selling, administering the sale, giving, transferring, sending, and delivering is considered as drug trafficking. So, you can see that it is not only selling substances for profit is drug trafficking under law.

And when you are in a party, casually enjoying the moment with your friends, you may be convicted of drug trafficking just by sharing a joint.

The list of substances that are considered as drugs is long. Under the law, the act of doing anything mentioned above with crack, cocaine, heroin, crystal meth, ecstasy, speed, LSD, mescaline, psilocybin, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and anabolic steroids are considered as drug trafficking.

What is Drug Trafficking under Canadian Law?

What does Canadian law define as drug trafficking? You may know the concept of drug trafficking from well-known television programs like The Wire and Breaking Bad.

Drug trafficking includes all forms of sharing and the sale of narcotics for profit. Trafficking is described as follows under Section 2(1) of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act:

(a) selling, administering, giving, transferring, sending, or delivering the substance,

(b) sell a permit to acquire the substance, or

(c) to offer to perform any of the acts listed in clause (a) or (b)

Crucial Facts About Drug Trafficking that Will Shock You

Drug abuse in Canada has been like an epidemic disease. Like many other countries across the earth, Canada is not immune to this ever-growing problem. Facts and data support this claim.

Each year almost 50,000 Canadian die from using substances related to drugs. 60% of the users are between the age of 15 and 24. Students are offered and found selling drugs on the street at night, which is a tremendous underlying issue over the main conundrum.

Among these students, the majority of them use alcohol, marijuana, non-prescribed pain relievers, and tobacco to have a good time. In 2019 alone, near 6 percent of grade 7 to 12 students have been found using dextromethorphan to get high, which is just cough syrup.

The police reported a considerable amount of drug trafficking offenses, with 300 drug-related crimes for every 100,000 population.

Learn More: Canadian Drug Possession Laws: The Ultimate Guide

High Risk Among the Addicts and Teens

Although the majority of the addicts are male, female users are likely to die from drug use. The University of Toronto has revealed that female addicts are 54% more likely to die from addiction. In the demographics, more than 8 out of 10 students have shared they were a part of selling and using illegal substances at least once in their whole lives.

Drugs are Mainly Shipped in

Many people think that drugs arrive from the Canada/US border through Mexico. However, the fact says that drugs are being shipped through standard airmail. They are coming from all over the world.

China and Hong Kong provide the most dangerous ones. The raw products to make drugs inside Canada comes from Mexico and other borders. On the other hand, different steroids come from eastern Europe, the UK, and even the USA.

The Huge Cost Behind

Due to drug abuse, Canadian taxpayers pay nearly $23 billion each year. A handful of $3.3 billion comes from healthcare services from different health issues caused by using drugs.

Alcohol is at the Top

It was found in a study in 2016 that 93.3% of the total population used alcohol during the active addiction period. It suggests that more than 9 out of 10 addicts drink alcohol regularly.

Along with this, 81.8% use tobacco to supplement the alcohol addiction. Using these two drugs together have been causing around 75,000 being hospitalized each year.

Penalties You May Face for Drug Offenses

Anyone who possesses a drug-related substance will be convicted of drug trafficking charges under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act.

When a law enforcer charges you with a drug offense, the Crown will prosecute you if they can prove that you physically possessed the substances, you knew about it, and you intended to do it with your full consent.

Under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, possessing small drugs like marijuana can be charged with 06 months of imprisonment and/or a $1000 fine. If you do it the second time again, these amounts can double.

The Crown Prosecutor can proceed with an indictment. It allows imposing larger penalties. For instance, possession of LSD may lead to 03 years of imprisonment. Besides, possession of cocaine or heroin carries the highest penalty with 07 years of imprisonment.

There are even more severe charges. If it can be proven that a person has been found with a large scale of drugs and the person is somehow connected with socially bonded or corporate style drug trafficking.

He or she may face more than 10 years of imprisonment for that. Nevertheless, many drug traffickers often face small charges brought to them daily.

Learn More: Penalties for Drug Smuggling and Possession

Fighting the Charges of Drug Trafficking Brought Against You

If you are charged with a drug offense, you may end up in court. In situations like this, you need to follow the following steps to fight the charges.

Get a Drug Trafficking Lawyer

Without a doubt, the first and best option is to hire a drug trafficking lawyer who is experienced, skilled, and highly reputed. The court activities related to drug offense can get really dirty even before you can settle down. So, get a lawyer as soon as possible.

Appear on Hearings on the Scheduled Date

In minor cases, the lawyer will ensure that you can get bailed before you stay even one night at the jail. However, the court will give you an appearing date. This date is set for the preliminary hearing. Here, the prosecutor will only show evidence that can prove that the judge could find you guilty.

Going to the Trial

In the trials, lawyers from both sides will show their own pieces of evidence to claim their position. If you have a reputed and skilled lawyer, your chances of being proven non-guilty may increase.

Moreover, the lawyer can help you get minimal punishment if you have truly committed the crime. So, having a lawyer is the best option when you are charged with drug offenses.

Finishing Quotes: Drug Trafficking

The Canadian government has been trying to tackle drug trafficking issues for decades. The more law the government implements, the more the trafficker find ways to get past them. It is our responsibility to take care of our neighborhood to be free from any drug-related offenses and keep our children away from such heinous acts.


What Are Canada’s Drug Laws in 2023?

Drug possession, consumption, production, and distribution are illegal under decriminalization, even if criminal sanctions are not imposed. Police can still stop and search anybody they suspect of having drugs, and they have the authority to seize drugs and drug-use paraphernalia.

What is the Drug trafficking Criminal Code of Canada?

No one shall possess a substance listed in Schedules I, II, III, IV, or V for the purpose of trafficking. (b) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years if the subject matter of the crime is a substance listed in Schedule III or V.

What is the Sentence for Drug Trafficking in Canada?

Trafficking in Schedule I drugs such as cocaine, crack, and heroin carries a life sentence. On the other hand, possession of Schedule I drugs is punishable by up to 7 years in prison.

What Are the Statistics for Drug trafficking in Canada?

According to Statista, From 2000 to 2020, this statistic shows the total number of drug-trafficking, manufacture, or distribution offences committed in Canada. In 2020, there were 23,858 drug trafficking, manufacturing, or distribution offences across Canada.